Sunday, April 20, 2014


Presented by Dr. Diego Sausa

The meaning of Christianity hinges on the belief that Christ was resurrected three days after He was crucified. Without the Resurrection, Christianity is meaningless as Paul says, "if Christ is not risen, then our preaching is empty and your faith is also empty" (1Cor. 15:4). Why? Because the wages of sin is eternal death (Rom. 6:23) and since we all have sinned we are all bound to die eternally, life becomes, as Sartre wrote, "a useless passion." Without a God who is able to answer the problem of eternal death condemnation of mankind, religion becomes pointless.


Is the miracle of the Resurrection possible? Of course! If we believe in the evidence in modern science of astronomy, the miracle of the Resurrection is dwarfed by comparison. Non-believer agnostic astronomer Robert Jastrow, who was head of the Mount Wilson Observatory and founder of NASA's Goddard Institute of Space Studies admits, "Astronomers now find they have painted themselves into a corner because they have proven, by their own methods, that the world began abruptly in an act of creation to which you can trace the seeds of every star, every planet, every living thing in this cosmos and on the earth. And they have found that all this happened as a product of forces they cannot hope to discover....That there are what I or anyone would call supernatural forces at work is now, I think, a scientifically proven fact" (A Scientist Caught Between Two Faiths: Interview with Robert Jastrow," Christianity Today, Aug. 6, 1982).

Facing the same evidence of instant creation of the universe, atheist Arthur Eddington honestly concedes, "The beginning [of the universe] seems to present insuperable difficulties unless we agree to look on it as frankly supernatural" (Arthur Eddington, The Expanding Universe, 178). Since frank honest atheistic and agnostic scientists admit the supernatural miraculous creation of the universe, the miracle of the Resurrection pales by comparison. As former atheist-turned-Christian, C. S. Lewis aptly says, "If we admit God, must we admit Miracle? Indeed, indeed, you have no security against it. That is the bargain" (Lewis, Miracles, 106). If God could perform the miracle of creating the universe in an instant, then the miracle of the Resurrection is nothing compared to it.


Famous Jewish historian for the Roman Empire who was a contemporary of Christ but who was not a Christian records the existence of Jesus and His resurrection, "Now there was about this time Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works - a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure. He drew over to him both many of the Jews, and many of the Gentiles. He was [the] Christ; and when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men amongst us, had condemned him to the cross, those that loved him at the first did not forsake him, for he appeared to them alive again the third day, as the divine prophets had foretold these ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him; and the tribe of Christians, so named from him, are not extinct at this day" (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, XIII, iii, 3).


There were nine independent eyewitnesses to the Resurrection who wrote down their testimonies on 27 different scrolls which we now call the New Testament. When Christ's apostles Peter and John were summoned by the Jewish authorities and were commanded to stop teaching in the name of Jesus they answered: "Judge for yourselves whether it is right in God's sight to obey you rather than God. For we cannot help speaking about what we have seen and heard" (Acts 4:18-20). Paul, a former Pharisee and persecutor of Christians turned-apostle after his encounter with the risen Christ on the road to Damascus, confirms that the eleven disciples and 500 other saw the resurrected Christ (1 Cor. 15:4-8).

The eyewitnesses to the Resurrection were trustworthy because, number one, they included details in their books that were embarrassing to them and to their Lord (e.g., Jesus was not believed by His own family, Jn. 7:5; He was thought to be as a deceiver, Jn. 7:12). Number two, modern archaeology and history corroborate the veracity of the characters and places that they described in their accounts. Number three, and perhaps the most significant reason why these eyewitnesses were trustworthy was because none of them recanted his testimony about Jesus' resurrection even in the face of persecution and death. People may die for something that they believe is true although they may be wrong, and certainly, there are people who would rather die than recant something that they know is true, but hardly is there anyone who would die for something that he knows is a lie.

So the only plausible reason why all of Christ's disciples who were rag-tag Galileans who had nothing to lose, never recanted their testimony that they witnessed the resurrected Christ in the face of losing their lives, not for a day, not for a year, but for the rest of their lives, was because they did indeed see the resurrected Christ. All of them but one (John) were martyred proclaiming the risen Christ. By divine providence John, the lone apostle survivor, was spared and was able to write the book of Revelation while on exile on the isolated island of Patmos. Nevertheless, even during his exile on that desolate island, he never stopped testifying about the risen Christ. The only rational explanation for the audacity and fortitude of all the apostles for independently proclaiming their risen Savior and God to the point of death, was because indeed they saw the resurrected Christ.


Assuming that the non-believer is correct that there is no God and there was no Resurrection (which current scientific evidence contradicts because science confirms that there is a supernatural Being), then if the non-believer dies and he is correct, he did not gain anything. That means he and the believer are even in the grave. But if the believer is correct and the atheist is wrong, then the atheist loses what would have been his everything - eternal life. So the believer loses nothing for believing God and the Resurrection. Former agnostic turned Christian, Clifford Goldstein aptly says,

"The historicity of Jesus, the evidence for His resurrection, or the testimony of the apostles, who lost all things for Christ, are not the best reasons for belief....A better reason to believe is our need to believe, and a better reason to seek transcendence is our need for transcendence....How sad to be captured and commandeered by what's so small, so fleeting, so trivial in contrast to the eternal, which is all around us and which beckons us - even if with nothing more than the idea itself, especially when we wake up, half asleep but startled, blood pumping frightfully at the knowledge that one day we'll be gone while the idea remains!

And yet...the cross has made eternity more than just an idea....The cross has made it gift for us, more real than everything else in this world, because everything in the world wears away. It is as if each turn of the earth on its axis, each revolution around the sun, grinds all things slowly into the ground and leaves only the gift, as eternal as the Giver, the God who cannot lie, who through sacrifice of Himself has made us a way to escape the fate from which there is (as Sartre wrote) no exit, but from which Jesus says, 'I am the door' (Jn. 10:9) and promises all who step through it eternal life. Either He is, or He isn't; either we do or we don't" (Clifford Goldstein, God, Godel and Grace, 108-111).


Bottom line: If the atheist is right about believing that there is no God (which honest atheistic scientists admit that scientific evidences point to the fact that there is), then it does not make any difference between Mother Theresa and Hitler, between the school mass murderers and their victims, between the saints and the monster serial killers, eventually we all end up dead forever. However all evidences in science, history, and biblical prophecy point to the reality of God, His vicarious death for mankind and His resurrection. The believer therefore does not lose anything believing in God and the Resurrection. For to believe otherwise is like betting you life in a gamble, where the only outcomes are lose and lose.

Sunday, April 6, 2014



A Scientific and Biblical Study on God and the Universe

Presented by Dr. Diego Sausa


For years scientists had debated about light whether it was a particle or a wave. Physics which is the ultimate science of the physical universe, and is the major tool of materialistic science because the physical can be seen and tested, has never quite figured out the nature of light until the advent of quantum physics, the study of the most basic structure of the physical universe at the subatomic level. First there was Einstein who theorized that E=mc2, that is any matter (m) whether it is from uranium or petals of a rose or from your muscles, if subjected to the square of the speed of light (c2), equals to an exponential energy (E).

This theory is now the Law of Relativity because it’s been proven to be true. That’s why we have nuclear bombs. For 150 years physicists believed that with the knowledge of the laws of physics in the universe, things become predictable. Einstein himself said, “The most incomprehensible thing about the universe is that it is comprehensible.” With his theory he postulated that nothing travels faster than light. If we have to travel to the nearest star (Proxima Centaurus) at the speed of light which is 300,000 kilometers per second, it would take us about 4.3 years to get there, if we travel at the speed of the fastest rocket it would take us thousands of years to get there.

If it’s been proven that nothing travels faster than the speed of light, how is it then that the Bible records that when Daniel prayed, God sent the angel Gabriel from heaven to earth to answer Daniel at an instant speed even before Daniel could finish his prayer (Dan. 9:20-23)? How does God do that? Can God and angels travel faster than the speed of light? Is there a visible reality and another invisible reality? Comes quantum physics, the ultimate science of reality at the most basic level. Scientists are now able to study the atom at its minutest subatomic level with modern instrumentation in today’s laboratories. But the deeper man goes into the atom, the deeper are the mysteries that he encounters. Because the atom, which is the most simple particle of all living and non-living things, quantum physicists have found out, is not simple at all.

The components of an atom the electron, proton and neutron have their own smaller components (photons, quarks and neutrinos) and they suspect that those smaller components have also their still smaller components far beyond the grasp of human perception. And what puzzles scientists, is not only the nature of these subatomic particles but also the way they behave. It defies logic and empirical observation. Scientists call this “quantum weirdness.” Niels Bohr, one of the pioneers of quantum physics says, “Anyone who is not shocked by quantum physics, has not understood it.”

In the famous double-slit experiment which was repeated and demonstrated again and again in many laboratories, quantum scientists found out that photons, the smallest subatomic observable components of light can travel faster than the speed of light. When scientists shot photons into one hole, they were also present in the second separate hole at the same time. After observing this phenomenon, physics professor, Timothy Ferris, writes: “It is as if the quantum world had never heard of space – as if in some strange way, it thinks of itself as being in one place at a time.” Can anything or anyone be in different places at the same time? Impossible according to empirical science, but demonstrated by modern quantum physics repeatedly in laboratories.

Before, we had to take what the Scripture said about God’s omnipresence totally by faith. We had to take Jesus’ promise by faith when He said that when He comes again all eyes shall see Him even if an object as immensely big as the sun cannot even be seen by everyone worldwide at the same time. Today, God has given us a glimpse of His omnipresent power, of being able to be there for us and for everyone in the universe instantly everywhere at the same time through His footprints in quantum physics. Through the minutest observable entity of the atom, God shows us a trace of His awesome power like a wake of a boat in the water. What is impossible with man, is possible with God. God can be in all places at the same time, and the photons tell us that it’s true. The photons can do it, their Maker can.

Non-believers are at a loss about this phenomenon in quantum physics, it’s beyond their comprehension. Physicist Roland Omne writes of quantum physics: “This theory penetrates reality to a depth our senses cannot take us. Its laws are universal, and they rule over the world of objects so familiar to us. We who inhabit the world, cannot make our own vision prevail over the arrogant laws, whose concepts seem to flow from an order higher than the one inspired by the things we can touch, see, and say with ordinary words.” In other words, modern empirical science cannot explain the most basic reality of man’s own existence. There is too much wisdom embedded in the quantum world – the most basic unit of our existence that’s beyond man’s ability to comprehend because it is the insuperable wisdom of God that designed it.

When scientists studied two groups of photons and put them in two different holes, they found out that the photons in the second hole “knew” what was going on in the first hole, that is, when the other photons in the first hole were spinning clockwise, the other photons in the second hole started to spin counter-clockwise. If scaled to life size, it’s like a ball in Australia starting to spin counterclockwise because a ball in Europe started to spin clockwise. And not only that, they found out that photons were “conscious” when they were being observed and that it changed its nature when being observed.

When scientists put detectors in two holes and shot photons into them, they behaved like particles, when the detectors were removed, they behaved like waves, that is, invisible energy like radio waves. When scientists put one detector in the first closed hole and no detectors in the second closed hole, the moment scientists opened the first hole that had the detectors, the second hole that was closed and had no detectors still behaved like the photons in the first hole that was being observed, they also collapsed or changed into particles. The moment detectors were removed from both holes, the photons behaved back like waves, like the invisible radio waves. Somehow the photons in the second hole were “conscious” that the first hole was being opened and that the photons in there were being observed and so they reacted the same way as the photons that were being observed, they turned into particles.

Talk about weirdness and bizarre behavior. We have this minutest entity of light or of atom, that can assume two different natures, 100 percent invisible radio wave and 100 percent visible particle, at the same time. Two natures that are mutually exclusive yet found in one entity, the photon.

The Scripture also tells us of the two natures of God: His transcendence and His immanence. He is too Holy in His eternal majesty for mortals to see, thus He is invisible, yet through His amazing love and grace, He became One of us that we might see Him face to face. Christ was both 100 percent invisible God and 100 percent visible Man in one person. The photons tell us that an entity can be both visible and invisible. The photons can do it, their Maker can do it too.


First of all, we, including all the things around us are made of atoms. And if we scrutinize what we’re all made of to the minutest unit, we’re nothing but empty space. Just imagine an atom scaled to the size of the solar system, but not with nine or eight planets orbiting the sun, but only one planet (electron) orbiting the sun (nucleus), the rest is nothing but empty space. That’s what we’re made of at the minutest level – the atom. The electron orbits around the central nucleus of an atom which is about 1,800 times bigger than the electron, and yet the negative electrical charge that is generated by the orbiting electron is the same as the positive electrical charge that is generated by the proton that is inside the central nucleus.

Without the balance in the electrical charge in the atoms around and inside of us, no life can exist. Why there is a balance in electrical charges between the electron and the proton (which is 1800 times bigger in size than the electron of an atom) despite the big difference in size, nobody knows. And the electron that orbits around the nucleus and the nucleus itself that contains the proton, are all electromagnetic waves and not particles. In other words the most basic component of the physical visible universe including ourselves, is invisible. What is empirically visible, is according to quantum physics, is made of the invisible. Suddenly physics, the study of the physical, ends up being the study of the metaphysical. The only reason why we can see, touch, and feel things as solid is because of the varying force fields that different things possess.

For example we can’t go through a wooden door because the force field of the atoms of wood is stronger than the force field of the atoms in our body. A nail can penetrate a wood because the force field of the atoms of an iron is stronger than the force field of the atoms of wood. What if God somehow someday recreates us into immortal bodies and the force fields of our atoms become stronger than the force fields of nature around us? Is it possible then that we cannot be hurt when we fall, or we can walk through shut doors like what Jesus did after the resurrection? Just a thought, but quantum physics now gives us a clue about what’s seemingly impossible in the physical world, is possible in the quantum world.

The things that can be seen in the universe are after all made of things that cannot be seen. Wait a minute, doesn’t this quantum phenomenon sound familiar in the Bible? Hebrew 11:3 says, “By faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that the things which are seen were not made of things which are visible.” Wow! Is this quantum physics or what?

Indeed from the complex human being to the minutest one-celled organism, from the subatomic photons to the grandest island universe in space, they all declare the wonders and the glorious signature of God’s awesome power and majesty. But the most amazing of all is not God’s awesome power, not His power to create the limitless universe of stars and galaxies out of nothing, nor His power to hold all His vast Creation in place, but the most amazing of all is that this God who created and who controls and maintains the universe through His immense power, loved us so much that He came down to this one dark tiny dot in the universe called Earth, assumed our human nature, and suffered and died the eternal death condemnation that was ours. He assumed our sinfulness and our eternal death punishment, that we might have another chance and only chance at eternal life.

Jesus, the transcendent, uncontainable, inscrutable, omnipotent God and Creator, is also our Savior, our Brother, our Friend and our fellow human. That my friends, is the most amazing thing in the whole universe, and it would continue to puzzle the whole of creation throughout eternity.

Because of Him it became possible for us to wing our flight throughout the realms and limitless frontiers of the universe that are outside the bounds of time and the speed of light. I like the way how a third grade woman, described what awaits the saints; written at around the time when Darwin came out with his now proven fallacious book, Origin of the Species. Ellen White writes: “All the treasures of the universe will be open to the study of God’s redeemed. Unfettered by mortality, they wing their tireless flight to worlds afar…. With unutterable delight the children of earth enter into the joy and the wisdom of unfallen beings….With undimmed vision they gaze upon the glory of creation – suns and stars and systems, all in their appointed order circling the throne of Deity. And the years of eternity as they roll, will bring richer and still more glorious revelations of God and of Christ. As knowledge is progressive, so will love, reverence, and happiness increase” (The Great Controversy, pp. 677-678). You have no idea about the universe that awaits for the saved to explore at instant speed.